Home » Vocabulary
Category Archives: Vocabulary
Mālō e lelei! To encourage the use of the Tongan language we are posting a word of the week that can be used with children or beginners.
Ako (ah-koh) is a wonderful word in Tongan. It is the word for learning. It is also the word for teaching. In our culture, ako is about the collective sharing of knowledge, mutual learning. It is one word that can be used to describe all types of learning. To learn, to teach, to master, to practice, to study, to teach oneself: self-education.
- Naʻa ne ʻalu ʻo ako. He/She went to school.
- Tau ‘alu ki he ako faiva’. Let’s go to the dance practice.
Tu’a ‘ofa atu Hema
Here is the first of our Thursday Grammar. Do you know the difference between the two words “ki” and “kia”? Both mean the same English preposition word “to”.
Read carefully the information above and fill in the blanks.
Is it “ki” or “kia”?
- ‘Ave _____ Sione. Give it to John.
- Na’a’ ke lea _____ Mele? Did you talk to Mary?
- ‘Alu ____ he falekoloa’ Go to the shop.
- Na’a’ ke falala _____ Tomasi? Did you trust Thomas?
- Foki ____ ‘api. Return home.
- Sio ____ he faiako’. Look at the teacher.
Hope this helps you. Leave a comment and share with those who do not know the difference.
Tu’a ‘ofa atu Hema
This is another of my internal questions that has lingered in my head regarding the Tongan language. I have always used Taimi’ ni which means at this moment in time/ right now. Then I started to hear people say Taini’ mi, so are you saying it right or not.
It has been confirmed by Tongan linguists so you can be rest assured, the correct term is Taimi’ ni. The Tongan version of time (taimi) is used with (ni) an enclitic word, joining together to pronounce it as one word with the fakau’a (glottal stop) TAIMI’ NI.
Tu’a ‘ofa atu Hema
Kuo u loto fiefia ke ‘oatu ‘a e keimi ko eni ma’amoutolu ke mou ngaue’aki ke tokoni ke langa’i ‘etau lea fakafonua’.
So excited to offer my first free printable game for you all. I created this game for my class to have some fun speaking in Tongan. There are 80 sightwords of the most commom words used in my classroom. Please share this post and give me some feedback here, on letslearntongan facebook and or twitter page @letslearntongan.
2. To play the game you need the sightwords, a die, markers and binderclips. Read the second page for directions and how to make the Pacman markers. 3. You are ready to play. Make sure to keep things fun. It’s not about finishing first but the one who collects the most cards by speaking. Say the word correctly and you keep the card. 4. Remember the goal for players is to speak in Tongan. You can vary the game in many ways depending on their ability. If you’re a parent and a native speak get involved and play as well.
- Pronounce the word correctly. The following can be added as well for more advanced speakers in order to keep their card.
- Spell the word.
- Define the word.
- Say a rhyming word (does not need to be a word.)
- Use the word in a sentence.
- Say a synonym for the word.
- Say an antonym for the word (Some words may not have an opposite word).
One of the few memories I have of Sunday school back in the Kingdom is the fehu’i mo e tali that kids learn at Siasi Tonga Tau’ataina. I loved hearing it because the answers were always said back in a tune chant like manner which made it easy for kids to learn off by heart. Here are some of the first basic questions that all the children learn at Sunday School about God. I often out of the blue ask these simple questions of my kids as a reminder of Gods presence and love for them. And always good to practise as much Tongan as possible with them. These are also great basic questions that you can use to build your vocabulary and ask other questions.
On the 15th of March, I as a student and a parent of two joined the Tongan Language School here in Sydney to welcom the daughter of King Tupou VI, Princess Angelika Lātūpfuipeka to our School. So what! What is all the fuss about you say? Well 3 Tongan words sum up the significance of this occasion and the lessons I would share with my children.
- Faka’apa’apa = (Respect)
- Fakalāngilangi (to honour)
- ‘Ilo (knowledge) or Taumu’a ke ‘ilo (Inspire to learn)
I want my kids to live a life of respect. We may not see the Princess every day but we can show respect to our parents, our siblings, our fahu, teachers and elders. Sitting on the mat was one way the children were showing their respect for the Princess.
I want my children to show respect and honor in order to receive it. The highest honor the Tongan Language School could give the Princess is the ‘ilokava (royal kava ceremony). And in honoring her, I was also honored to take part in the Royal kava circle. As a woman and a commoner to take part and to use my family matapule name was like having a title bestowed upon me and having my mother and all my ancestors sitting there with me.
To have the knowledge of why things are done like the kava ceremony and the origin of the fuakava (the first kava) connects me to my language, my family and my roots and seeing the ‘ilokava happen before my eyes was a surreal moment in my life.
Whether it be a royal visit or a family gathering or funeral, we can show respect, we can honor and we can learn at the same time. In this modern world, where respect is fading fast, the Tongan culture of respect and family makes more sense than the celebrity all-about-me culture. I want them to aspire more to the Tongan culture rather than the celebrity culture.
One of my favourite hymns. It tells the story of a little island in the ocean which did not know God and was not blessed (so say the missionaries), but has many blessings now because Tupou I gave his nation to God.
‘Oku ai ha ki’i fonua
‘Oku tu’u ‘i ‘Oseni.
Na’e ‘ikai ke ma’u ‘Otua,
Na’e masiva he lelei.
Haleluia! Kuo monū’ia eni.
Tama Tonga, tu’u ‘o ngāue,
Ho koloa ke fakamonū.
Lotu ki he ‘Eiki ma’u pē,
Ke ne poupou ki he lotu
‘O malu’i ‘a Tupou
There is a small Island
that stands in the Ocean.
It did not have God,
They were poor in goodness.
Hallelujah! They are now blessed.
Tongan man, stand and work,
your treasure must be expressed.
Pray to the Lord always,
for his support in prayer
To protect Tupou.